Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) is a tropical plant, originating in Southeast Asia, but is now cultivated in Europe, Africa, India, and South America as well. It is cold pressed from rinds of freshly harvested bergamot fruit, rather than steam distilled, as are many essential oils. The primary volatile components of bergamot oil, include limonene and linalool, which confer many of its benefits, and are common with most citrus based essential oils. In addition to several health benefits, bergamot oil is antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal. It is a common inclusion in perfumes and colognes, known for its ability to balance and harmonize other scents.