Linked by ethnic and religious affinities to two post-Cold War crisis areas -- the former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia -- Turkey is positioned to play an influential role in the promotion of regional economic cooperation and in taking new approaches to security. In this book, experts from Turkey, Europe, and the United States address key aspects of Turkey's multifaceted role in the changing international arena, including both its historical and contemporary place in Europe, the Cold War legacy, and strategies for future political and economic development.In 'The Kurdish Nationalist Movement In The 1990s leading scholars on the history and plight of the Kurds systematically lay out the case that the Kurdish Question looms as one of the largest threats to peace and stability in the Middle East for coming decades.Separate sections examine the development of the movement in the 1980s and explore its influence on Turkey's foreign, domestic, and human rights policies, in the end questioning the viability of the Turkish state as presently constituted.The Kurds are the fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East, numbering between twenty and twenty five million. Approximately fifteen million live in contiguous regions of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria, an area that they call Kurdistan, yet they do not have a country of their own. Formal attempts to establish such a state were crushed by the larger and more powerful countries in the region after both world wars. But the Gulf war, the Iran-Iraq war, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the end of the cold war have worked to reinvigorate a Kurdish nationalist movement. The movement is a powderkeg waiting to explode. With the majority of Kurds living within its borders, no country faces this threat more squarely than Turkey. And because of Turkey's concept of a unified, cohesive nationhood - in which the existence of ethnic minorities is not acknowledged - these tensions are more difficult to manage in Turkey than elsewhere.